ORCHARD CONSTRUCTION

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BUILDING AN OLIVE ORCHARD:

 

Charta Olive Farms specializes in the installation and care of Olive Orchards.  We can help with every aspect of the process whether you want to do all of the work

yourself or if you prefer to have us do a complete installation. We can advise you every step of the way.  The following is a synopsis of the services that Charta can

perform in your orchard:

 

Part I – Site Assessment

 

Soil Horizons Assessment – This is performed to look for impermeable layers, drainage problems or special characteristics which need remediation.

Slope and Drainage Assessment – This is a series of tests to determine runoff rates and soil percolation.

Soil Nutrients – soil samples are sent to laboratory for analysis.  A plan of action is prepared for any deficiencies.

Water Quality – water samples are sent to a laboratory for processing and analysis.  Water treatment solutions are available.

Fencing and Predator Control – Young trees are susceptible to predation from grasshoppers, deer, burrowing rodents, wild hogs and other animals.

 

Part II – Site Preparation

 

Ripping – Many locations are best suited to a dozer soil horizon ripping technique.

Cultivating – Surface layer cultivating and pre-emergent application can be useful tools for the eradication of weedy plants.

Drainage – This is the essential element in creating a successful orchard.  Olive trees are very susceptible to soil water saturation.

 

Part III – Irrigation

 

Dry-Land – Olive trees are a crop that are very well suited to dry-land farming techniques.  However, in the early years of the tree, it will be subject to stunting and

predator attack.

Traditional – Flood irrigation and spraying in its many forms are useful application methods.  However, since Olive trees are susceptible to water on the roots it is not

the best available practice.

Drip Irrigation – This is the best practice for water application.  It is especially useful during the trees early years when exact control of water and nutrients is much

more critical.

 

Part IV – Maintenance

 

Watering – Charta employs soil water metering to determine the optimum time for watering.

Pruning – This is one of the most critical factors in developing a healthy productive tree that produces high yields.

Fertilizing – We employ a fertigation drip system that allows precise amounts of fertilizer to reach the trees.

 

Part V– Harvesting & Processing

 

Manual – Hand picking the olives is the traditional method.

Natural Drop – Net harvesting is practiced in all of the countries where olives are grown.

Mechanical – Shakers, row harvesters and olive rakes are used to remove olives from the trees depending upon planting techniques and variety.

Processing – In order to produce the finest extra-virgin olive oil, we have purchased an Oliomio 350 centrifuge to process the harvested olives.  In addition,

we have a custom bottling machine and all of the equipment to process, bottle, box and ship your own brand of Olive Oil.

 

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Italian Varieties

 

Ascolana tenera

Bella di Cernignola

Biancolilla

Bosana

Canino

Carboncella

Casaliva

Coratina

Frangivento

Frantoio

Grignan

Itrana

Leccino

Maurino

Moriaolo

Nocellara del Belice

Ogliarola

Pendolino

Rosciola

Santa Caterina

Taggiasca

 

Spanish Varieties

 

Arbequina

Arbosana

Cornicabra

Empeltre

Hojiblanca

Lechin de Sevilla

Manzanilla

Picual

Picudo

Sevillano

 

French Varieties

 

Aglandau

Bouteillan

Cailletier

Cayon

Grossane

Luques

Picholine

Salonenque

Tanche

 

Greek Varieties

 

Amfissa

Kalamata

Koroneiki

Megaron

 

American Varieties

 

Jefferson

Lucca

Mission

 

Super High Density Varieties

 

Arbequina i-18

Koroneiki i-38

Arbosana i-43

 

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