SYNONYMS: Oliva Tonda, Carbonello, Carboncina, Carbogna, Ritornella
TREE: Typical oil cultivar of central Italy. This tree has a good growth rate with markedly upward habit. It is characterized by long flexible branches that bend under the weight of the drupes. The leaves are small and dark green in color.
FRUIT: The fruit is of small size (2 grams), slightly ellipsoidal, symmetrical and dark violet in color. When mature this variety is noted for the high return of oil (21-25%) and for the quality of its oil which is highly appreciated in Sabina. The fruit matures early (October-November) and all at once.
AGRONOMY: Auto-incompatible and of constant high production. Pollinators: Lea, Ascolana Tenera, Sargano. Good resistance to cold, to rot, to the prays olive fly and to olive knot.
COMMENTS: Often confused with the Tuscan variety Moraiolo. This is a rustic variety that adapts well to dry limestone soils with good exposures.